The Hubs in Nyanza Province will be installed in four villages with around 1.500 to 2.000 households each. Due to their proximity to Lake Victoria, the most important source of income, directly or indirectly, is fishing. A large proportion of the fishermen are specialized on night fishing, catching a native silver Cyprinid, locally known as Omena, Dagaa or Mukene (Rastrineobola argentea). Three to four fishermen share one boat, equipped with up to five small floating rafts. Usually, these rafts are connected to kerosene lamps, whose light beam attracts the fish. For the rather poor fisher families, the catch does not only mean income generation but also a central source of the protein diet in the region.
In general, Nyanza Province is poorly developed. Its Human Development Index (HDI) has , according to UN statistics, a value of 0,468 below the average of the rest of the country (0,528). This stems from the high incidence of diseases (Malaria, HIV, and Tuberculosis) as well as the lack of education opportunities and economic possibilities. The province’s population density is relatively high but young: more than 250 people per km² are living in the region, with 58% of the inhabitants being younger than 20 years. This in turn, puts high pressure on the natural resources and scarce facilities such as schools or hospitals. Further impairment of people’s livelihood results from the fact that, conferring to a census in 2003, only 5.1% of the households in Nyanza are connected to the electricity grid. Additionally, the availability of clean drinking water is a crucial problem for the people. About 70% of the population has to cover distances of at least one kilometer to the nearest drinking water source, which often only offer water of bad quality, contaminated with bacteria and germs triggering severe diseases.